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Liste des pays les plus exposés aux catastrophes naturelles

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Voici une liste des pays les plus exposés aux catastrophes naturelles, selon le World Risk Index calculé par l'Institut pour l'environnement et la sécurité humaine des Nations unies (UNU-EHS).

ClassementModifier

Les couleurs sont celles du document d'origine.

Rang Pays 2016[1] 2013[2] 2012[3] 2011[4]
1   Qatar 0.08% 0.11% 0.10% 0.02%
2   Malte 0.60% 0.61% 0.61% 0.72%
3   Arabie saoudite 1.14% 1.32% 1.31% 1.26%
4   Barbade 1.32% 1.16% 1.15% 2.44%
5   Grenade 1.42% 1.44% 1.46% 2.29%
6   Islande 1.52% 1.55% 1.53% 1.56%
7   Bahreïn 1.69% 1.81% 1.81% 1.66%
8   Kiribati 1.78% 1.78% 1.78% 1.88%
9   Émirats arabes unis 1.97% 2.10% 2.07% 4.09%
10   Suède 2.12% 2.26% 2.15% 2.00%
11   Norvège 2.19% 2.35% 2.31% 2.28%
12   Finlande 2.21% 2.28% 2.24% 2.06%
13   Singapour 2.27% 2.49% 2.54% 2.85%
14   Égypte 2.29% 2.34% 2.33% 2.38%
15   Israël 2.30% 2.49% 2.43% 2.60%
16   Estonie 2.36% 2.52% 2.50% 2.25%
17   Suisse 2.37% 2.61% 2.59% 2.55%
18   Luxembourg 2.43% 2.68% 2.65% 2.70%
19   Seychelles 2.55% 2.58% 2.60% 2.68%
20   France 2.62% 2.79% 2.78% 2.76%
21   Oman 2.64% 2.74% 2.72% 2.80%
22   Chypre 2.68% 2.77% 2.81% 3.46%
23   Danemark 2.89% 3.10% 3.09% 2.86%
24   Lituanie 2.92% 3.18% 3.23% 2.89%
25   Allemagne 2.95% 3.24% 3.27% 2.96%
26   Ukraine 2.97% 3.14% 3.19% 3.02%
27   Canada 3.01% 3.18% 3.18% 2.57%
28   Espagne 3.05% 3.38% 3.40% 3.29%
29   Belgique 3.07% 3.42% 3.48% 3.51%
30   Mongolie 3.08% 3.10% 3.24% 3.43%
31   Biélorussie 3.11% 3.31% 3.32% 2.98%
32   Pologne 3.20% 3.46% 3.53% 3.42%
33   Koweït 3.28% 3.70% 3.71% 3.71%
34   Lettonie 3.31% 3.48% 3.51% 3.09%
35   République tchèque 3.37% 3.61% 3.67% 4.15%
36   Slovaquie 3.39% 3.63% 3.69% 3.38%
37   Autriche 3.39% 3.80% 3.75% 3.41%
38   Slovénie 3.41% 3.69% 3.81% 3.72%
39   Portugal 3.45% 3.80% 3.82% 3.62%
40   Paraguay 3.48% 3.85% 3.84% 4.12%
41   Royaume-Uni 3.54% 3.71% 3.65% 3.61%
42   Kazakhstan 3.56% 3.84% 3.87% 4.04%
43   Argentine 3.56% 3.76% 3.80% 3.77%
44   Russie 3.58% 3.78% 3.83% 3.56%
45   États-Unis 3.76% 3.99% 3.99% 3.72%
46   Libye 3.79% 3.93% 3.80% 3.67%
47   Croatie 3.97% 4.24% 4.35% 3.71%
48   Uruguay 4.03% 4.09% 4.12% 3.94%
49   Brésil 4.09% 4.26% 4.30% 4.26%
50   Bahamas 4.14% 3.99% 4.17% 4.52%
51   Australie 4.22% 4.51% 4.57% 4.28%
52   Bulgarie 4.22% 4.43% 4.56% 4.08%
53   Italie 4.42% 4.88% 4.82% 4.74%
54   Guinée équatoriale 4.46% 4.49% 4.47% 6.72%
55   Irak 4.49% 4.83% 4.95% 5.77%
56   Nouvelle-Zélande 4.55% 4.69% 4.44% 4.28%
57   Jordanie 4.58% 4.88% 4.90% 5.13%
58   Bolivie 4.58% 5.08% 5.13% 5.16%
59   Corée du Sud 4.59% 4.94% 4.89% 4.14%
60   Irlande 4.60% 4.69% 4.50% 4.15%
61   Iran 4.73% 4.92% 4.98% 5.11%
62   Moldavie 4.79% 5.05% 5.23% 4.78%
63   Liban 5.01% 5.05% 5.10% 5.01%
64   Népal 5.12% 5.53% 5.69% 6.15%
65   Botswana 5.14% 5.37% 5.21% 5.56%
66   Turquie 5.20% 5.52% 5.68% 5.38%
67   Hongrie 5.32% 5.69% 5.87% 5.49%
68   Namibie 5.37% 5.68% 5.72% 6.63%
69   Tunisie 5.40% 5.90% 5.90% 5.72%
70   Azerbaïdjan 5.54% 6.19% 6.25% 5.86%
71   Afrique du Sud 5.58% 5.80% 5.90% 5.71%
72   Laos 5.59% 5.71% 5.73% 5.80%
73   Syrie 5.69% 5.67% 5.68% 6.19%
74   Macédoine 5.87% 6.28% 6.10% 6.80%
75   Roumanie 5.92% 6.61% 6.78% 6.43%
76   Venezuela 5.93% 6.16% 6.13% 6.11%
77   Mexique 5.97% 6.39% 6.39% 6.53%
78   Yémen 5.97% 6.03% 5.98% 6.83%
79   Gabon 6.04% 5.93% 6.20% 6.30%
80   Arménie 6.07% 6.91% 7.05% 6.36%
81   Bosnie-Herzégovine 6.10% 6.42% 6.63% 6.25%
82   Cuba 6.13% 6.51% 6.55% 5.99%
83   Thaïlande 6.19% 6.34% 6.44% 6.86%
84   Géorgie 6.27% 6.83% 6.75% 6.97%
85   Érythrée 6.35% 6.35% 6.44% 7.22%
86   Malaisie 6.39% 6.45% 6.53% 6.69%
87   Chine 6.39% 6.97% 7.04% 6.90%
88   Turkménistan 6.44% 6.57% 6.64% 7.18%
89   Colombie 6.45% 6.90% 6.89% 6.86%
90   Maroc 6.45% 7.13% 7.21% 7.17%
91   Angola 6.52% 6.45% 6.56% 8.02%
92   Ouganda 6.52% 6.69% 6.75% 7.57%
93   Belize 6.55% 6.62% 6.63% 5.93%
94   Pérou 6.59% 7.02% 6.96% 7.82%
95   Inde 6.64% 7.17% 7.28% 7.68%
96   Grèce 6.70% 7.38% 7.81% 8.27%
97   Tadjikistan 6.72% 7.35% 7.40% 7.47%
98   Kenya 6.77% 7.08% 7.18% 7.24%
99   Lesotho 6.84% 7.09% 7.22% 7.86%
100   Pakistan 6.96% 7.21% 7.25% 7.84%
101   République centrafricaine 7.03% 6.57% 6.55% 6.95%
102   Éthiopie 7.04% 7.36% 7.35% 7.09%
103   Rwanda 7.09% 7.43% 7.60% 8.68%
104   Serbie 7.12% 7.53% 7.67% 5.44%
105   République du Congo 7.19% 7.57% 7.38% 7.71%
106   Zambie 7.25% 7.46% 7.44% 8.41%
107   Panama 7.26% 7.49% 7.69% 7.70%
108   Comores 7.29% 7.52% 7.45% 6.93%
109   Sri Lanka 7.32% 7.67% 7.79% 7.84%
110   Algérie 7.36% 8.13% 8.15% 8.06%
111   Trinidad-et-Tobago 7.50% 7.65% 7.68% 6.70%
112   Bhoutan 7.51% 7.98% 8.17% 13.65%
113   Swaziland 7.52% 7.65% 7.84% 7.37%
114   Équateur 7.53% 7.77% 7.94% 8.69%
115   Tanzanie 7.65% 7.99% 8.11% 8.64%
116   Liberia 7.84% 7.71% 7.86% 9.20%
117   Kirghizistan 7.86% 8.43% 8.50% 8.48%
118   Mauritanie 7.95% 8.26% 8.43% 9.70%
119   Malawi 7.98% 8.02% 8.18% 8.99%
120   Nigeria 7.98% 8.32% 8.28% 9.03%
121   Soudan 7.99% 7.87% 7.88% 9.25%
122   Guinée 8.20% 8.32% 8.55% 9.49%
123   Pays-Bas 8.24% 8.76% 8.49% 7.71%
124   Mali 8.39% 8.65% 8.76% 11.51%
125   Ghana 8.39% 8.81% 8.85% 9.35%
126   Suriname 8.44% 8.55% 8.62% 9.25%
127   Ouzbékistan 8.59% 8.66% 8.71% 9.37%
128   Mozambique 8.69% 8.89% 9.09% 9.98%
129   Côte d'Ivoire 8.88% 8.86% 9.00% 9.03%
130   Myanmar 8.90% 9.10% 9.15% 8.54%
131   Afghanistan 9.50% 9.93% 9.79% 14.06%
132   Albanie 9.50% 10.01% 9.96% 9.98%
133   Burkina Faso 9.54% 9.72% 9.74% 11.58%
134   Zimbabwe 10.06% 9.96% 9.87% 9.63%
135   Sierra Leone 10.21% 10.37% 10.58% 11.25%
136   Indonésie 10.24% 10.54% 10.74% 11.69%
137   Burundi 10.28% 10.46% 10.49% 11.56%
138   Djibouti 10.30% 9.84% 9.96% 7.05%
139   Togo 10.36% 10.34% 10.64% 10.40%
140   Sénégal 10.38% 10.99% 11.08% 11.76%
141   Cap-Vert 10.39% 10.80% 10.88% 9.47%
142   Honduras 10.68% 10.91% 11.02% 12.10%
143   Tchad 10.85% 11.06% 11.13% 12.25%
144   Cameroun 10.91% 11.09% 10.96% 14.46%
145   République dominicaine 10.96% 11.28% 11.63% 12.00%
146   Madagascar 11.15% 11.23% 11.50% 10.27%
147   Niger 11.24% 11.62% 11.93% 14.03%
148   Guyana 11.39% 11.65% 11.77% 9.02%
149   Bénin 11.39% 11.32% 11.42% 10.90%
150   Chili 11.65% 12.28% 12.26% 11.97%
151   Haïti 11.68% 11.88% 11.96% 11.45%
152   Jamaïque 11.83% 12.15% 12.15% 12.89%
153   Gambie 12.07% 11.71% 11.84% 13.90%
154   Vietnam 12.53% 12.81% 12.88% 11.21%
155   Japon 12.99% 13.56% 13.69% 13.57%
156   Fidji 13.15% 14.10% 13.53% 11.13%
157   Guinée-Bissau 13.56% 13.09% 13.34% 13.12%
158   Nicaragua 14.62% 15.18% 15.39% 11.91%
159   Maurice 15.53% 14.89% 15.36% 15.74%
160   Timor oriental 15.69% 16.37% 17.13% 17.45%
161   El Salvador 16.05% 16.85% 16.89% 16.49%
162   Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée 16.43% 15.90% 15.81% 15.45%
163   Cambodge 16.58% 16.90% 17.17% 16.58%
164   Costa Rica 17.00% 16.94% 17.38% 16.74%
165   Brunei 17.00% 15.58% 15.92% 14.08%
166   Salomon 19.14% 18.11% 18.15% 23.51%
167   Bangladesh 19.17% 19.81% 20.22% 17.45%
168   Guatemala 19.88% 20.88% 20.75% 20.88%
169   Philippines 26.70% 27.52% 27.98% 24.32%
170   Tonga 29.33% 28.23% 28.62% 29.08%
171   Vanuatu 36.28% 36.43% 36.31% 32.00%
172   Sao Tomé-et-Principe 3.35% 3.40% 3.73%
173   Samoa 4.51% 4.51% 7.88%

Pays ne figurant pas dans le WorldRiskIndex : Andorre, Antigua-et-Barbuda, Corée du Nord, République démocratique du Congo, Dominique, Kosovo, États fédérés de Micronésie, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Îles Marshall, Monaco, Monténégro, Nauru, Palaos, Saint-Marin, Somalie, Saint-Christophe-et-Niévès, Sainte-Lucie, Saint-Vincent-et-les-Grenadines, Tuvalu.

Pays ne figurant pas dans l'index en 2016 : Sao Tomé-et-Principe, Samoa.

Notes et référencesModifier

  1. 2016 World Risk Index, consulté le 10 septembre 2017
  2. 2013 World Risk Index, consulté le 10 septembre 2017
  3. 2012 World Risk Index, consulté le 10 septembre 2017
  4. 2011 World Risk Index, consulté le 10 septembre 2017

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