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Neobatrachia

sous-ordre d'anoures

Les Neobatrachia sont un sous-ordre d'amphibiens de l'ordre des anoures.

Il est celui qui est le plus riche avec plus de 5 600 espèces d'anoures « modernes » (grenouilles), dont les plus communes. Les Neobatrachia sont subdivisés en deux grands groupes : les Hyloidea et les Ranoidea. Cette classification, relativement disputée, se base principalement sur des caractères morphologiques comme le nombre de vertèbres ou la morphologie larvaire.

Liste des famillesModifier

PhylogénieModifier

Les cladogrammes suivant sont basés d'après Frost et al. (2006)[1], Heinicke et al. (2009)[2] ainsi que Pyron et Wiens (2011)[3].

Place au sein des anouresModifier

Phylogénie des familles basales de l'ordre Anura, d'après Pyron et Wiens (2011)[4] ainsi que Frost et al. (2006)[5] et Heinicke et al. (2009)[6] pour les noms de clades :

 Anura 


 Ascaphidae 



 Leiopelmatidae 



Bombianura
Costata

 Alytidae 



 Bombinatoridae 



Pipanura
Xenoanura

 Pipidae 



 Rhinophrynidae 



Acosmanura
Anomocoela

 Scaphiopodidae 




 Pelodytidae 


Pelobatoidea

 Megophryidae 



 Pelobatidae 






 Neobatrachia






Note: Les familles basales appartenant au clade Pipanura forment le sous-ordre Mesobatrachia, celles en dehors forment le sous-ordre Archaeobatrachia. Ces deux autres sous-ordres sont donc paraphylétique.

Phylogénie interneModifier

Familles en dehors de la super-famille Ranoides :

Neobatrachia

Heleophrynidae


Phthanobatrachia
Sooglossoidea

Sooglossidae



Nasikabatrachidae




Notogaeanura
Australobatrachia

Calyptocephalellidae




Myobatrachidae



Limnodynastidae




Nobleoanura
Terrarana

Ceuthomantidae




Brachycephalidae




Eleutherodactylidae



Craugastoridae







Hemiphractidae


Athesphatanura

Hylidae


Leptodactyliformes

Agastorophrynia

Bufonidae




Aromobatidae



Dendrobatidae





Diphyabatracea

Leptodactylidae




Allophrynidae



Centrolenidae






Ceratophryidae




Odontophrynidae





Cycloramphidae




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Ranoides






Familles de la super-famille Ranoides:

Ranoides
Allodapanura

Microhylidae


Afrobatrachia
Xenosyneunitanura

Brevicipitidae



Hemisotidae



Laurentobatrachia

Arthroleptidae



Hyperoliidae





Natatanura

Ptychadenidae


Victoranura

Micrixalidae




Phrynobatrachidae




Conrauidae



Pyxicephaloidea

Petropedetidae



Pyxicephalidae






Ceratobatrachidae



Nyctibatrachidae



Saukrobatrachia


Dicroglossidae



Ranixalidae



Aglaioanura


Mantellidae



Rhacophoridae




Ranidae











Publication originaleModifier

  • Reig 1958 : Proposiciones para una nueva macrosistematica de los anuros (Nota preliminar). Physis. Buenos Aires, vol. 21, p. 109-118.

Notes et référencesModifier

  1. (en) D. R. Frost, T. Grant, J. N. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. L. F. B. Haddad, R. O. De Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green et W. C. Wheeler, « The Amphibian Tree of Life », Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 297,‎ , p. 1–291 (DOI 10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2)
  2. (en) Heinicke M. P., Duellman, W. E., Trueb, L., Means, D. B., MacCulloch, R. D. et Hedges, S. B., « A new frog family (Anura: Terrarana) from South America and an expanded direct-developing clade revealed by molecular phylogeny », Zootaxa, vol. 2211,‎ , p. 1–35 (lire en ligne)
  3. (en) R. Alexander Pyron et John J. Wiens, « A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians », Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 61, no 2,‎ , p. 543–583 (PMID 21723399, DOI 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.06.012, lire en ligne)
  4. (en) R. Alexander Pyron et John J. Wiens, « A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians », Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 61, no 2,‎ , p. 543–583 (PMID 21723399, DOI 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.06.012, lire en ligne)
  5. (en) D. R. Frost, T. Grant, J. N. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. L. F. B. Haddad, R. O. De Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green et W. C. Wheeler, « The Amphibian Tree of Life », Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 297,‎ , p. 1–291 (DOI 10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2)
  6. (en) Heinicke M. P., Duellman, W. E., Trueb, L., Means, D. B., MacCulloch, R. D. et Hedges, S. B., « A new frog family (Anura: Terrarana) from South America and an expanded direct-developing clade revealed by molecular phylogeny », Zootaxa, vol. 2211,‎ , p. 1–35 (lire en ligne)

Liens externesModifier

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